The year in review

Best of Bollywood 2015 countdown: ‘Dum Laga Ke Haisha’

I don’t, said the bridegroom.

Sharat Katariya’s second movie chronicles the perils of an arranged marriage between a scrawny cassette shop owner and a plump teacher. The match is clearly made in hell for Prem (Ayushmann Khurrana), but nobody else seems to think so, certainly not his pushy parents and least of all, his bride Sandhya (Bhumi Pednekar). Bullied by his family and pressurised by Sandhya’s willingness to make a go of a bad situation, Prem nearly cracks under the pressure. The fraught relationship between the mismatched pair is perfectly captured in a domestic spat in which mutual disgust is expressed by the husband and wife through creative DJing.

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The sequence was called “the tape fight” in the screenplay, but it wasn’t initially there, just as the movie was initially not set in the 1990s, and was a comedy rather than the delicately observed drama it became, Katariya said. Dum Laga Ke Haisha had a contemporary setting, but the movie’s creative producer, Yash Raj Films’ Maneesh Sharma, pointed out that since Prem is obsessed with tapes and the music of Kumar Sanu (both signs of his stunted growth), the movie needed to be set in a time zone before CDs and streaming.

Katariya set the movie in the 1990s, and adopted a highly comic tone for the rival music playlist sequence. “But my fear was it would become like an antakshari,” he said. “I thought I would work in a conflict that would make it more organic to the plot rather than as an item sequence. I also felt that throughout the movie, there needed to be more such bizarre sequences. Most of the script flew out this sequence – we found the right tone of funny and real.”

The sequence also restored Katariya’s confidence in his leading man. Khurrana, best known for his comic turn in Vicky Donor, is surprisingly effective as the miserable small-town man who must come to terms with his failures. “I was honestly not sure about Ayushmann’s performance throughout the film,” Katariya said. “He appeared staccato in the tape fight, but it is only in the edit when I realised that he had done – he had changed his voice to suit his meek character.”

Clip courtesy Yash Raj Films.

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Changing the conversation around mental health in rural India

Insights that emerged from discussions around mental health at a village this World Mental Health Day.

Questioning is the art of learning. For an illness as debilitating as depression, asking the right questions is an important step in social acceptance and understanding. How do I open-up about my depression to my parents? Can meditation be counted as a treatment for depression? Should heartbreak be considered as a trigger for deep depression? These were some of the questions addressed by a panel consisting of the trustees and the founder of The Live Love Lough Foundation (TLLLF), a platform that seeks to champion the cause of mental health. The panel discussion was a part of an event organised by TLLLF to commemorate World Mental Health Day.

According to a National Mental Health Survey of India 2015-16, conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), common mental disorders including depression, anxiety disorders and substance use disorders affect nearly 10% of the population, with 1 in 20 people in India suffering from depression. The survey reported a huge treatment gap, a problem that is spread far and wide across urban and rural parts of the country.

On 10th of October, trustees of the foundation, Anna Chandy, Dr. Shyam Bhat and Nina Nair, along with its founder, Deepika Padukone, made a visit to a community health project centre in Devangere, Karnataka. The project, started by The Association of People with Disability (APD) in 2010, got a much-needed boost after partnering with TLLLF 2 years ago, helping them reach 819 people suffering from mental illnesses and spreading its program to 6 Taluks, making a difference at a larger scale.

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During the visit, the TLLLF team met patients and their families to gain insights into the program’s effectiveness and impact. Basavaraja, a beneficiary of the program, spoke about the issues he faced because of his illness. He shared how people used to call him mad and would threaten to beat him up. Other patients expressed their difficulty in getting access to medical aid for which they had to travel to the next biggest city, Shivmoga which is about 2 hours away from Davangere. A marked difference from when TLLLF joined the project two years ago was the level of openness and awareness present amongst the villagers. Individuals and families were more expressive about their issues and challenges leading to a more evolved and helpful conversation.

The process of de-stigmatizing mental illnesses in a community and providing treatment to those who are suffering requires a strong nexus of partners to make progress in a holistic manner. Initially, getting different stakeholders together was difficult because of the lack of awareness and resources in the field of mental healthcare. But the project found its footing once it established a network of support from NIMHANS doctors who treated the patients at health camps, Primary Healthcare Centre doctors and the ASHA workers. On their visit, the TLLLF team along with APD and the project partners discussed the impact that was made by the program. Were beneficiaries able to access the free psychiatric drugs? Did the program help in reducing the distance patients had to travel to get treatment? During these discussions, the TLLLF team observed that even amongst the partners, there was an increased sense of support and responsiveness towards mental health aid.

The next leg of the visit took the TLLLF team to the village of Bilichodu where they met a support group that included 15 patients and caregivers. Ujjala Padukone, Deepika Padukone’s mother, being a caregiver herself, was also present in the discussion to share her experiences with the group and encouraged others to share their stories and concerns about their family members. While the discussion revolved around the importance of opening up and seeking help, the team brought about a forward-looking attitude within the group by discussing future possibilities in employment and livelihood options available for the patients.

As the TLLLF team honoured World Mental Health day, 2017 by visiting families, engaging with support groups and reviewing the successes and the challenges in rural mental healthcare, they noticed how the conversation, that was once difficult to start, now had characteristics of support, openness and a positive outlook towards the future. To continue this momentum, the organisation charted out the next steps that will further enrich the dialogue surrounding mental health, in both urban and rural areas. The steps include increasing research on mental health, enhancing the role of social media to drive awareness and decrease stigma and expanding their current programs. To know more, see here.

This article was produced by the Scroll marketing team on behalf of The Live Love Laugh Foundation and not by the Scroll editorial team.